South Florida Water Filtration Systems
For any building, we cannot expect that water is in perfect condition. The water that we use for everyday living comes from the ground; therefore, it is called groundwater. The quality of groundwater tends to be harder than surface water as it contains dissolved minerals and organic elements. These minerals include common constituents: bicarbonate, calcium, chloride, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and sulfate.
Because groundwater is typically hard water, it needs to be filtered and treated to become usable and suitable for human consumption. Hard water can still be consumed. It’s just that the minerals within it can cause serious health problems in the long run. Likewise, it can also harm your home or commercial appliances, causing trouble and inconvenience.
As a solution to this, water filtration and water treatment systems have been invented and developed for everybody’s benefit. To have clean and healthy water, homeowners and businessmen have included these water systems in their building’s necessities. It filters and treats water, thereby producing soft water that’s good for drinking.
Water Filtration vs. Water Treatment
Water filtration is the process of percolation. It means during water filtration, all particles that go with the water itself are being separated from it through a filter. Sand and grit primarily come with hard water, so they are taken out during the process. Even those that you cannot see, such as microscopic particles can be removed from water through filtration.
On the other hand, water treatment is the process of removing minerals in the water that can be harmful to use. These minerals are then replaced by something else. One kind of water treatment is water softening. Calcium is removed and replaced with the sodium ion. Then, calcium is washed off from the tank as the unit operates a backwash cycle.
Types of Water Filtration Systems
- Activated Carbon
Made from charcoal, active carbon or activated carbon granules are used as water filters. Charcoal is a very permeable form of carbon, which is produced when anything akin to wood is burned in a condensed supply of oxygen. Through a process called adsorption, every part of the internal surface area of charcoal draws and traps chemical contaminants. Charcoal can remove impurities such as chlorine-based chemicals. Yet, it is unable to deal with limescale or the deposit of minerals inside the pipes, etc. and heavy metals. Moreover, the filter gets clogged up by contaminants gradually, so it needs to be superseded from time to time.
Distillation is the simplest way of filtering and purifying water. When you boil water, different kinds of bacteria are eradicated by the heat, but it doesn’t get rid of contaminants like chemicals and limescale. Meanwhile, distillation makes steam as water is being boiled. Then, another container captures this steam back into the water in it.
- Ion Exchange
Ion exchange commonly occurs in water softening. It works as filters break a contaminating substance’s atoms apart, thereby producing ions. Ions are electrically charged atoms that contain too many or too few electrons. An exchange then happens between good and bad quality ions as bad ones get trapped, and good ones get released.
- Reverse Osmosis
For reverse osmosis to effectively work, it requires the use of a very fine filter or membrane. Contaminated water is propelled at significant pressure through this fine filter so that the impurities can remain on the other side, and the water gets cleaned.
Processes of Water Treatment Systems
Here are some processes of water treatment:
- Coagulation / Flocculation
In coagulation, untreated water mixes with alum or liquid aluminum sulfate, as well as polymer. As the stirring goes on, the contaminants and particles of dirt assemble together. They coagulate as one, changing into a solid or semi-solid state that are called flocs. As the flocs settle, they become easier to eliminate.
Sedimentation follows the coagulation process. In this phase, the water moves gradually, prompting the flocs to descend to the base of the basin. By then, they are called sludge already and conveyed to drying pools.
Bacteria, viruses, and parasites are obliterated before they enter the distribution system through disinfection. One of the most effective disinfectants that’s always used is chlorine.
Just like a typical water filtration system, this process of treatment allows water to pass through a huge sieve or filter so that the particles are removed from the water. Filters are comprised of beds of sand and gravel. This process improves the efficacy of disinfection.
- pH Correction
pH correction is the process of adjusting the pH in the water by adding lime into the filtered water, such that corrosion is reduced in the distribution system. It also aims to stabilize soft water.
Contact Payless Plumbing for Plumbing Services
For any plumbing service related to water filtration and water treatment systems, Payless Plumbing is the best group of professional plumbers in South Florida that you should seek help from. For big jobs like this, you should hire business and residential plumbers who can help set up and repair your water systems. Payless Plumbing will help you understand more about your concern and will provide you with the most cost-efficient solutions.
Do not put anybody’s health at risk, contact Payless Plumbing at (754) 226-1588 now and get a free quote!